Making Marzipan

How to Make Your Own Marzipan to Cover Your Rich Fruit Cake

You can buy it ready-made in most cake supply shops or supermarkets, but I have had little success with factory-made marzipan. I find that it has usually dried out slightly in its packaging or it’s oily, making it challenging to work with, and getting it to roll smoothly is difficult.

I’m also aware that it may contain chemical preservatives, and sometimes the taste is questionable.

The texture of homemade marzipan is excellent, and it can be rolled out to cover a cake just the same as you would use fondant or use it to cover a fruit cake before you add a coat of Rolled Fondant Icing or Royal Icing.

Shop bought is not always best

I have always made my marzipan because I know it will roll well and tastes as it should, and I know that I haven’t added anything to it, such as chemical preservatives.

I sometimes doubt that commercially made marzipan is made with almonds and not some other nuts, and the almond taste is flavoring.

Many ways to use Marzipan

Traditionally a rich fruit cake is first covered with marzipan and then covered with a layer of fondant rolling icing or Royal Icing. 

Sometimes a fruit cake is only covered with marzipan. It can’t be made white unless you spray it with white food coloring, but it can easily be colored with gel paste to make it any color you wish. 

Not everyone likes rich fruit cake, and I have covered a Genoise cake, a Madeira cake, and a light fruit cake with just a coat of marzipan, and also I have covered them with a coat of marzipan and fondant icing.  

I like the Genoise cake filled with buttercream and fruit preserve, crumb coated with buttercream, and covered with marzipan and fondant icing. So rich but so satisfying!

Because it can be colored and is such a flexible material, it is ideal for making models and simple flowers.

You can cover small pieces of it with chocolate, put them into a box and give them as presents.

You can also make marzipan fruits, which are small pieces of marzipan shaped like fruit, dusted with icing sugar, packed in boxes, and sold at a horrendous price. If you look on Amazon, you will see that PME and several other companies make roller boards for making marzipan fruits, and once you have the roller boards, they are so cheap to make yourself. 

How to make your own ground almonds/almond meal...

Where I live, I cannot buy ground almonds (almond meal), so I buy almonds that have been flaked or chopped (or even whole almonds that I have to skin myself), and I grind them in my coffee grinder. After I’ve ground them, I pass them through a fine sieve and return any that have not been ground fine enough for a second grinding.  It takes a bit of time, but the results are perfect. 

Cooked marzipan is so much easier to use…

There are two methods of making marzipan, one cooked and the other is the raw ingredients mixed into a dough.

Both methods use egg whites, and because I’m not too fond of using a raw egg to make the marzipan, I prefer the cooked form. Apart from that, the finished product handles very well and covers a cake perfectly.

The Cooked marzipan takes longer to make, but it is easier to use, gives better-finished results, is not oily, and will keep well.

The recipes for the cooked version and the uncooked version are below.

Marzipan Ingredients


Marzipan – Cooked Method

Use a sugar thermometer to make sure the sugar reaches the correct heat.

IngredientsMarzipan Cooked Method


Put the sugar, cream of tartar, and water in a heavy-bottomed pan and place over medium heat.

Ensure that the pan you use is wider than the gas or electric ring you use; then, the sugar will not burn on the sides of the pan and discolor the marzipan.

Put some cold water in a bowl larger than the base of the pan and put it to one side.

Stir the sugar mixture until the sugar has dissolved. Then, with a brush dipped in cold water, brush the sugar crystals from the sides of the pan to prevent the mixture from crystallizing.

Brush Crystals From Pan

Do not stir again.

Let the sugar mixture come to a boil, then turn up the heat and boil until it reaches the softball toffee stage 240ºF/115ºC.

As soon as it reaches the correct temperature, remove the pan from the heat and plunge the bottom of the pan into the cold water and leave for  2 minutes to cool and prevent the toffee from overcooking, making sure not to get any of the water into the toffee mixture.

Remove the pan from the cold water and stir in the ground almonds/almond meal and the egg whites.

Return the pan to low heat and stir until the mixture thickens slightly, then remove from the heat and plunge the bottom of the pan into cold water to cool it down.

Stir while it is cooling.

When it is cool enough to touch with your hands, turn the mixture onto a work surface dusted with icing sugar.

Knead in up to half its weight in icing/powdered sugar, adding just a little at a time.

The finished marzipan should feel dry to the touch and be smooth and pliable.

Leave to rest for 24 hours before use.

How to store your Marzipan

Double wrap tightly in cling film, place in an airtight container, and store in the fridge. It will keep in the refrigerator for several weeks and several months in the freezer. Bring up to room temperature before use.

Uncooked marzipan is quicker to make, but…

Uncooked marzipan is faster and easier to make but tends to be less manageable than the cooked variety because the texture is crumbly, so it must be rolled out carefully when used.

If you make the uncooked marzipan, it is advisable to use pasteurized eggs or reconstituted dried egg white powder.

Marzipan – Uncooked Method

Will cover a 9” (23cm) round cake or 8” square cake.

IngredientsMarzipan Uncooked MethodMethod

Put the icing sugar and ground almonds/almond meal into a large bowl and mix.

Add the lemon juice.

Gradually add the egg whites while stirring with a wooden spoon until a stiff paste is formed (you may not need all the egg)

Knead the mixture gently in the bowl with your hands until everything is combined.

Turn the mixture onto a work surface dusted with icing sugar, and knead carefully until it becomes a smooth paste. Don’t over-knead, or it will become oily.

To store

It will keep in the fridge for a few days if tightly double wrapped in plastic, and then put in an airtight box, or keep in the freezer for around six months.

How to cover your cake with marzipan

You will need some warm sieved apricot jam with a couple of tablespoons of brandy added (or leave it out if you don’t want to use alcohol)  and your marzipan.

In my blog post about the Rich Fruit Christmas Cake, I told you how to achieve making a cake that will be almost flat.

Placing Cake On Board

My cake was level across most of the cake, but it did curve up to about ¼ inch (½ centimeter) around the edges.

There is no need to cut the top of the cake to level it out if it just turns up slightly around the edge (even a bit more than mine did).   I have never cut the top off a fruitcake.

I always decorate a fruit cake directly on the cake board. I put a dessert spoon of jam in the middle of the board, spread it around for a couple of inches (5 cm), this will make sure the cake sticks to the board.

Peel any paper from your cake, turn it upside down, and place it in the center of the board.

Brush jam all over the cake in a thin layer.

Showing Bottom Of Cake Has Been Filled

Next, get a little of the marzipan, roll it into a strip and fill the bottom edge of the cake if any of the fruit has fallen out, fill the holes with marzipan and level them out.

The more perfect you make the cake at this point, the more perfect the finished cake will be.

Never rely on the icing to give your cake a perfect finish. That will only happen if the cake underneath is perfect.

Next, roll out the marzipan thinly and place it on the cake, shape it to the cake, making sure that the top is level.

Level Cake

It is now ready to put either fondant icing or Royal icing on it.

Remember, NEVER put buttercream or soft icing or filling on a rich fruitcake.

If you have any questions, please ask them in the comments box below, and I will do my best to answer them. 

I wish you success in making marzipan and covering your rich fruit cake.

Joyce Freeman

Joyce Freeman

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4 thoughts on “How to Make Your Own Marzipan to Cover Your Rich Fruit Cake”

    1. Hi Susan,
      Pleased you like the marzipan.
      I always use it & have good results with it.
      Tastes good too and it takes a lot of willpower to resist nibbling it.

  1. Sydney Petersen

    I was disappointed with the flavour of the cooked marzipan and have resorted to the marzipan substitute that one buys.

    1. Hi Sydney

      I’m sorry that you were dissapointed with the flavour of the marzipan you made.

      Sometimes if you buy almonds that are already ground they may not have such a strong flavor. The “use-by” date often starts from the date they were packed not when they were ground.

      I buy whole almonds and blanch and grind my own but even then sometimes the flavor is not strong.

      If you are not going to use almonds when you buy them then wrap them well in a freezer proof bag and keep them in the freezer until you need them.

      Taste the almonds before you use them and if you think the almond flavour is not strong enough then add a teaspoon of almond extract when you add the egg whites to the toffee mixture.

      Best wishes

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